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16th Asia Pacific Nephrology Conference., will be organized around the theme “Novel Discoveries in the field of Nephrology”

Nephrology Summit 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Nephrology Summit 2019

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\ Nephrology is a branch of medical science that deals with function and diseases of the kidneys and it focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal organs that lie at the level of the T12 to L3 vertebral bodies. The kidney has a fibrous capsule, which is surrounded by Para renal fat. The kidney itself can be divided into renal parenchyma, consisting of renal cortex and medulla, and the renal sinus containing renal pelvis, calyces, renal vessels, nerves, lymphatic’s and peri-renal fat. The renal parenchyma has two layers: cortex and medulla. The renal cortex lies peripherally under the capsule while the renal medulla consists of 10-14 renal pyramids, which are separated from each other by an extension of renal cortex called renal columns. The kidneys serve important functions, including filtration and excretion of metabolic waste products (urea and ammonium); regulation of necessary electrolytes, fluid, and acid-base balance; and stimulation of red blood cell production. They also serve to regulate blood pressure via the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, controlling reabsorption of water and maintaining intravascular volume.

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  • Track 1-1Nephrology & Renal Studies
  • Track 1-2Pelvic kidney
  • Track 1-3Artificial kidney
  • Track 1-4Kidney glomerulus podocyte
  • Track 1-5Renal histopathology
  • Track 1-6Multicystic Renal dysplasia & microscopic
  • Track 1-7Medullary Sponge Kidney

\ The renal system uphold homeostasis in the body avoiding significant alterations in the balance of fluid electrolyte or acid–base equivalence until the Glomerular filtration rates reduced to below 25 ml/min because of  a series of versatile changes, both Renal and extra renal. With dynamic decrease in renal capacity these components are overpowered bringing about unsettling influences in water digestion system adding to hypernatremia and hypernatremia. The modified control of sodium transport causes irritated volume status including volume over-burden and exhaustion. The rate of Hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis is more incessant in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) with GFR beneath 10 ml/min. In this survey article we will endeavor to audit the renal and supplementary renal adjustment components looking after liquid, electrolyte and corrosive base equalization in endless kidney illness alongside variables which cause disappointment of these instruments.

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  • Track 2-1Disorders of Plasma Osmolality
  • Track 2-2Respiratory and Metabolic Acidosis
  • Track 2-3Electrolyte Disorders in Diabetes Mellitus
  • Track 2-4Hydration in Kidney Disease Prevention
  • Track 2-5Metabolic Alkalosis
  • Track 2-6Disturbances of Plasma Calcium Concentration
  • Track 2-7Electrolyte Disorders in Diabetes Mellitus

\ The study of pediatric nephrology determines diagnosis and management of infants with an chronic and acute kidney disorders. The division of pediatric nephrology assesses and treats hypertension, hematuria, proteinuria, renal tubular acidosis, nephrolithiasis, glomerulonephritis and kidney damage in children. It also includes complete care to pediatric patients with end stage kidney syndromes, including consideration to patients experiencing peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis and kidney transplantation in infants.

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  • Track 3-1Pediatric Renal Failure
  • Track 3-2Pediatric chronic hemodialysis
  • Track 3-3Pediatric Renal Transplantation
  • Track 3-4Pediatric Kidney stones
  • Track 3-5Pediatric Renal Nutrition

\ The aims of this study were to assess the clinical utility of total and regional bone densitometry in a large continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) population and to determine the clinical, biochemical, and radiographic variables that best identified osteopenic CAPD patients.

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\ The diagnostic and prognostic validity of sperm function biomarkers is particularly relevant for males with unexplained infertility in which routine semen analysis fails to detect sub cellular   sperm dysfunctions. In this general review, we examine there are several types of acute nephritis. They are Interstitial Nephritis: The spaces between the renal tubules that form urine become inflamed. Pyelonephritis: This type of acute nephritis produces inflammation in the glomeruli. Interstitial Nephritis: This type is often caused by an allergic reaction to a medication or antibiotic. The majority of nephritis infections occur from the bacteria Escherichia coli (E.coli), which is found in the intestine.

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  • Track 4-1Clinical Renal Densitometry
  • Track 4-2Urogynecology
  • Track 4-3Acute Nephrosis
  • Track 4-4Interstitial Nephritis and Glomerulonephritis
  • Track 4-5Renal Tubulointerstitial Fibrosis
  • Track 4-6Biomarkers in nephrology

\ The diabetic kidney disease sometimes also called as diabetic nephropathy is a renal related complication usually occurs in some people with diabetes mellitus. In diabetic nephropathy filters of the kidneys and glomeruli become damaged. In this condition the kidneys leak abnormal quantity of protein from blood into the urine.

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\ If anyone has diabetes, the blood glucose, or blood sugar levels are very high. For prolonged period, this can damage the kidneys. The role of kidney is to clean your blood. In case they are damaged, waste and fluids accumulate in your blood with out of leaving from your body.

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\ If the kidney damage by diabetes is called diabetic nephropathy. Usually it starts long before you have notice symptoms. The beginning sign of it is small quantity of protein in urine. By urine test we can detect diabetic nephropathy or blood test can also determine the functioning of kidneys.

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  • Track 5-1Diabetic Nephropathy
  • Track 5-2Diabetic Nephropathy–Biomarkers of Disease
  • Track 5-3Intensive Management of Blood Glucose
  • Track 5-4Genetics of Kidney Disease–Diabetic Kidney Disease
  • Track 5-5Hypertension-Clinical and Experimental Models
  • Track 5-6Complication of diabetes
  • Track 5-7Diabetic diet
  • Track 5-8Hyperbaric medicine
  • Track 5-9Glomerular filtration rate
  • Track 5-10Diabetes Mellitus (Clinical)

\ Nephrology Nursing is a planned attempt to increase nursing knowledge by the discovery of new facts through systematic enquiry. It includes: Improvement in patient care, Reduced cost of kidney care provision, Accountability and protection against litigation, Addition to the existing body of nursing knowledge, Enhancement of nursing as a profession.

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\ Renal care nursing is the field of nursing with a focus on the most extreme consideration of the discriminatingly sick or unsteady chronic kidney patients. Contamination revultion and nursing consideration is the control concerned with turning away nosocomial or health awareness related disease, a functional (as opposed to scholastic) sub-order of the study of disease transmission. Infants who need escalated restorative consideration are regularly conceded into a unique region of the clinic called the Neonatal serious care and nursing consideration. The part of backing in discriminating nursing consideration: Critical consideration medical attendants work in a wide assortment of settings, filling numerous parts including bedside clinicians, attendant teachers, medical caretaker analysts, medical caretaker supervisors, clinical medical caretaker authorities and medical attendant professionals. Measurements of Renal Care Nursing’s mission are to give attendants exact, current, and applicable data and lodging to exceed expectations in discriminating consideration rehearse.

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  • Track 6-1Nurse Educator
  • Track 6-2Nurse researcher
  • Track 6-3Nurse manager
  • Track 6-4Clinical nurse specialist
  • Track 6-5Peritoneal dialysis Nurse
  • Track 6-6Hemodialysis Nurse
  • Track 6-7Office Nurse

\ Clinical Nephrology covers the conclusion and treating of renal syndromes, including primary and secondary hypertension and electrolyte disturbances, and the care of those requiring renal replacement treatment, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. Numerous diseases influencing the kidney are systemic scatters not constrained to the organ itself, and may require uncommon treatment. Illustrations incorporate procured conditions, for example, systemic vasculitides and immune system diseases, lupus and innate or genetic conditions, such as, polycystic kidney diseases. Patients are referred to clinical nephrology doctors after a urinalysis, for different reasons, such as, acute kidney failure, hematuria, proteinuria, chronic kidney diseases, kidney stones, hypertension, and disarranges of acid/base or electrolytes.

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  • Track 7-1Nephron Clinical Practice
  • Track 7-2Nephritis, Nephrectomy, Nephrotoxicity, Nephronophthisis
  • Track 7-3Kidney care Physicians
  • Track 7-4Stem Cell and Regenerative Nephrology
  • Track 7-5Critical Care Nephrology
  • Track 7-6Thrombotic microangiopathy

\ Diet and nutrition are important part of living well with kidney disease. Patients who are affected by kidney disease should be more concerned about their diet and should follow the special dietary plans. Diet plan will vary according to the stage of kidney disease. Dialysis clinic will have dieticians who can plan the diet of the patient. Dietician will give complete guidance about daily intake of food. Normal food plan is that: high intake of protein containing food, less salt, high phosphorous & potassium foods. They are also advised to take safe fluid intake levels. This is because extra fluid can increase blood pressure and make heart to work harder eventually increasing the stress of dialysis treatment. More amount of sodium (salt) can make thirsty and intake of fluid will be more. Foods like banana, orange, potato and dried fruit must be avoided. Evaluation of food intake, particularly protein intake is monitored at a regular periodic interval to ensure the daily intake of protein which is important part for good quality of life. Since dialysis patient follow special diet plan, their diet may miss several vitamins. Dialysis also removes some vitamins from the body. The treating physician must prescribe vitamin tablets specially made for kidney disease patients.

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  • Track 8-1Blood urea nitrogen
  • Track 8-2Protein Equivalent of Nitrogen Appearance (PNA)
  • Track 8-3Renal Osteodystrophy
  • Track 8-4Nutritional therapy
  • Track 8-5Anemia and Erythropoietin
  • Track 8-6Evaluation of nutritional status
  • Track 8-7Hyperlipidemia

\ Urology also referred to as genitourinary surgical procedure is branch of medicine which deals with the surgical and medical illness present in the urinary tract and infection in any part of the urinary tract is known as urinary tract infection. Depends on the place of infection it is named differently. When the infection happens in the lower urinary tract then it is called bladder contamination and when the infection is on the upper urinary tract then is referred to as pyelonephritis. An organ which comes under urology is kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra, uterus and male reproductive organ. Common illness consists of UTI, Urinary Stones, Urinary incontinence, benign prostatic hyperplasia. The most common cause of infection is Escherichia coli other than bacteria fungi can also cause the infection. Diagnosis to these infections encompasses few tests like urinalysis, urine microscopy. Analysis procedure differs to the aged people and it also difficult. Although urinary system has natural defense to this infection sometimes it fails to encounter. Remedy to this infection is antibiotics. Phenazopyridine is prescribed and which helps in decreasing burning sensation and urgency often felt during bladder infection. About 150 million people develop urinary tract infection each year. Women are more infected than male. They more often develop bacterial infection and they occur in the age of 16 to 35.

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  • Track 9-1Blood borne infection
  • Track 9-2Bladder Cancer
  • Track 9-3Andrology
  • Track 9-4Laparoscopy
  • Track 9-5Asymptomatic bacteriuria
  • Track 9-6Vesicoureteral Reflux
  • Track 9-7Pathogenesis

\ Technological advancements have a lot of impact in the quality of life. Life has been made simpler and better. In nephrology many techniques have been established for the creation of artificial kidney, and for the surgeries.  Technologies like stem cell technique in which the human stem cells have the ability to regenerate the kidney and these stem cells have stem cell banks where it can be stored and used several times. New and better advancements have been made in surgical equipment one such example is Laparoscopic Nephrectomy is safe and helps in the removal of diseased kidney. Laparosopic nephrectomy is a minimally invasive surgery technique, which gives patients good results equivalent when compared to large incision which requires traditional open surgery. When compared to conventional open surgery, earlier return to work, a shorter hospital stay and easier return to our daily activities make minimally invasive surgeries one of the preferred ways of surgery.

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  • Track 10-1Conventional dialysis replaced bio artificial technologies
  • Track 10-2Bioengineering approaches
  • Track 10-3Nanotechnology for implantable kidneys
  • Track 10-4Regenerative therapies
  • Track 10-5Laparoscopic Nephrectomy
  • Track 10-6Neobladder Construction
  • Track 10-7Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty

\ The Kidney is the most commonly transplanted organ from a living donor and the decreased donor transplantation is a transplant where the donated kidney takes from died person.  Immunosuppressive medications that help suppress the immune system. Pediatric kidney transplantation is accepted as the treatment option for children with final stage of renal disease. HLA and ABO incompatible transplantations conduct in end-stage kidney disease individuals. Hyper acute rejection usually takes place within the first 24 hours after transplantation. Chronic acute kidney rejection occurs months to years following transplantation. Nephrology treatment will depend on the stage of kidney diseases. Stages one, two and three can usually be treated. Treatment involves making changes to the lifestyle and, in some cases, taking medication to control the blood pressure and lower your blood cholesterol levels. This should help prevent further damage to the kidneys and circulation. Immunologic deregulation leads to the development of autoimmune diseases both limited to the kidney or as part of systemic illness. These include primary glomerular diseases and interstitial nephritis.

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  • Track 11-1Kidney donors
  • Track 11-2Hematopoiesis
  • Track 11-3Renal Pathology
  • Track 11-4Platelet dysfunction
  • Track 11-5Proteinuria
  • Track 11-6Renal replacement therapy
  • Track 11-7Kidney Biopsy
  • Track 11-8Kidney Transplantation recipients

\ \\ Onconephrology is an emerging subspecialty of nephrology. "The American Society of Nephrology (ASN) made a discussion committed to the field of Onconephrology in 2011 to improve collaborative care after malignancy patients with kidney infection." Randomized controlled trials in a subspecialty like Onconephrology can only be possible when there is collaboration amongst nephrologists and cancer physicians from cancer centers around the world that interact and share research ideas at international meetings. This has led nephrologists to encounter new and partially unrecognized treatments of the targeted therapy agents with kidney adverse effects. These agents fall mainly into 2 categories affecting the vascular endothelial growth factor and endothelial growth factor pathways. An exciting era in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer has emerged in the last 2 decades. What was once an often deadly disease has, for many patients, become a chronic disease with longer survival than ever before? However, with the prolongation of life there are additionally related complications, for example, chronic kidney disease (CKD). This disease has impacts on the patients’ treatments, dosage of medications, quality of life, and overall survival. Nephritis is inflammation of the kidney the most important prevalent to acute nephritis is glomerulonephritis. Pyelonephritis that affects in adults more than children and it is recognized as inflammation of the kidney and upper urinary tract. A third type of nephritis is hereditary nephritis, a rare inherited condition.

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  • Track 12-1Tuberous Sclerosis
  • Track 12-2Chemotherapy
  • Track 12-3Renal Cell Carcinoma and Types
  • Track 12-4Urinalysis
  • Track 12-5Prostate Cancer
  • Track 12-6Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)
  • Track 12-7Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome (VHL)
  • Track 12-8Bladder Cancer
  • Track 12-9Immunotherapy

\ Syndrome of protein-energy wasting consists of nutritional and metabolic abnormalities seen in chronic kidney disease. Maintain a healthy lifestyle is essential for people with renal disorders, especially if you have high blood pressure, diabetes, or both. Control and maintain of good blood glucose can help to prevent or postpone diabetic complications, including kidney disease. What you eat and drink may help slow down kidney disease. Dietitian can guide you how to select foods that are easier on your kidneys about protein, potassium, phosphorus, sodium, and how to read food leaflets and labels.

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  • Track 13-1Nutrition Therapy
  • Track 13-2Diet with Kidney Failure
  • Track 13-3Loss of Kidney Function Linked to Obesity
  • Track 13-4Chronic Kidney Disease Diet
  • Track 13-5Renal Supplements and fluid Intake
  • Track 13-6Low Sodium and Potassium
  • Track 13-7Low Phosphorous and Protien Diet
  • Track 13-8Renal Dietitians

\ Under this category includes diseases of the urinary system, prostate gland including the kidneys and bladder. The bladder or urethra usually effected in urinary tract infections, yet more genuine and serious infections include the kidney. A bladder disease may bring about pelvic torment, expanded inclination to urinate, torment with pee and blood in the urine. Renal infection may bring about back agony, sickness, heaving and fever.

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  • Track 14-1Urethritis
  • Track 14-2Obstruction of the Urinary Tract
  • Track 14-3Disorders of Kidney Tubules
  • Track 14-4Diagnosis of Kidney and Urinary Tract Disorders
  • Track 14-5Cystic Kidney Disorders
  • Track 14-6Cancers of the Kidney and Genitourinary Tract
  • Track 14-7Stones in the Urinary Tract

\ The most common form of kidney replacement therapy is dialysis, is a way of cleaning the blood with artificial kidneys. There is of types of dialysis they are:

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\ Hemodialysis: Hemodialysis required with the patients of renal failure. In this process of hemodialysis, an artificial kidney purifies blood. We should make an "access," usually in the forearm where blood can easily be taken from the body and sent to the artificial kidney for purification. The access collects blood from patient body and undergoes purification in artificial kidney and again injected the purified blood in to patient body.

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\ Peritoneal dialysis: In peritoneal dialysis no artificial kidney is used. The peritoneum (lining inside your abdomen) is used as a filter instead of artificial kidney. Peritoneal dialysis is of two types they are continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is used in kidney failure patients.

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  • Track 15-1Extracorporeal Dialysis: Techniques, Adequacy and Complications
  • Track 15-2Palliative Care for CKD/ESRD
  • Track 15-3Conservative Management of Advanced CKD (Vs. Dialysis)
  • Track 15-4Bone and Mineral Metabolism (CKD 5D)
  • Track 15-5Bone and Mineral Metabolism (CKD 5D)
  • Track 15-6Transplantation: Basic Science and Immune Tolerance
  • Track 15-7Epidemiology, Outcomes and Health Services Research in Dialysis
  • Track 15-8Hemodialysis